How to Build a Smudge Pot

If you’d like to build a smudge pot, then don’t let my previous mentions of blow torches discourage you. You really can make a smudge pot using just a few pieces of wood, some sand, and clay. Just be sure to follow a proven smudge pot design and keep in mind the safety issues involved with working with fire.

A smudge pot is a homemade firework device typically made out of a can or bucket with some type of combustible material inside that creates smoke. Today we’ll be going over the design for a smudge pot and building our own homemade smudge pots!

How to Build a Smudge Pot

Smudge pots, also known as choofa pipes, were once a common sight in orchards across the United States. These heaters were used to protect fruit-bearing flowers from frost by creating a warm, smoky layer of air above the trees. However, their use was eventually deemed environmentally hazardous, leading to their prohibition in the late 1970s.

Despite their effectiveness in preventing frost damage, smudge pots emitted high levels of air pollutants and contributed to air pollution. This led to concerns about their impact on both human health and the environment, ultimately prompting a ban on their use.

In recent years, there has been renewed interest in smudge pots as orchardists look for environmentally friendly alternatives to protect their crops from frost. One such alternative is the retroversion of the smudge pot, using lantern or citronella oil as a safer heating source.

These environmentally friendly smudge pots work by heating the air and creating a protective layer of smoke over the trees, helping to prevent frost damage without the harmful emissions associated with traditional smudge pots. They are a practical and effective solution for orchardists looking to protect their crops while minimizing their impact on the environment.

The sound of a burning smudge pot has earned them the nickname “choofa pipes,” a nod to the distinctive noise they make when in use. This retroversion of the smudge pot offers a modern twist on a classic farming tool, providing a safer and more sustainable option for orchardists looking to protect their crops from frost.

As climate change continues to affect weather patterns, the need for effective frost protection methods in orchards remains as important as ever. By embracing environmentally friendly alternatives like retro smudge pots, orchardists can protect their crops while also doing their part to reduce their impact on the environment.

Lot of 2 Two Orchard Anti-Frost Heater Smudge Pots For Heating Your Farm  Crops | Diy heater, Heater, Portable heater
  • They were used to heat orchards when fruit-bearing flowers were threatened by frost.
  • You can build a retroversion of the smudge pot using lantern or citronella oil that is environmentally safer.

A water-based paint can’s 7.5 cm (3 inch) cap should be unscrewed and removed. Flip it over. Take a garden hose inside and give it a thorough paint-cleaning. Flip it over and let the liquid to drain. Position the stovepipe to one side of the 7.5 cm (3 inch) lid on top of the can. Make a circle around the pipe. Slice the circle with the reciprocating saw. Push the stove pipe’s crimped end into the opening. Indent approximately 15 cm (6 inches).

  • Place the stovepipe on top the can, to one side of the 7.5 cm (3 inch) lid.

Place the bell flange over the pipe’s top. To reach the top of the can, slide it down. It ought to partially enclose the 7.5 cm (3 inch) lid. Using the 3 mm (1/8-inch) bit and cordless drill, drill roughly 50–60 holes into the pipe in a random pattern across its diameter, just above the bell flange.


To light the smudge pot, you will need an old sock attached to a stick that is about 1.2 meters long. Soak the sock with lantern fuel and ignite it with a flame. Hold the burning sock over the 7.5 cm cap and if it doesn’t light, insert the sock into the hole. The goal is to ignite the fumes, which are then drawn into the pipe acting as the combustion chamber. Stove pipes and bell flanges can be purchased at most home improvement stores for this purpose. While there are still environmental concerns, various oils such as kerosene and outdoor patio oil can be burned in the smudge pot.


It is crucial to never attempt to burn petrol in a smudge pot, as this can lead to a dangerous explosion. When lighting a smudge pot, it is important to exercise extreme caution to prevent any accidents. There will always be a slight “poof” when igniting a smudge pot, so it is imperative to be prepared for this reaction. By following proper safety procedures and using the appropriate fuel, you can ensure a safe and effective use of smudge pots for their intended purpose.

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